Stages of Gum Disease

Stages of Gum Disease include gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. This is frequently caused by improper oral hygiene. Regular brushing and flossing, along with routine visits to your dentist, can go a long way toward preventing both gum disease and cavities. Gingivitis causes red and swollen gums, bleeding easily during brushing or flossing.

When gingivitis is left untreated it can evolve into periodontitis. Plaque will begin to spread under the gum line, the inflammatory response causes gum tissues and bone to break down. Gums start to recede from the teeth, causing pockets to form and if left untreated it can result in tooth and bone loss. Risks of gum disease range across a broad spectrum including problems with oral health, diabetes and heart disease. Oral health problems include chronic bad breath, tooth loss and bad bite.

Diabetics are more likely to develop gum disease because periodontal disease increases blood sugar. In addition, gum disease increase the risks of diabetic complications. Heart disease is a high risk with periodontal disease, studies have also linked gum disease to stroke. Although, a healthy diet can affect your oral health as well as your overall health. For example, a study published in the January 2008 Journal of Periodontology showed that routinely eating dairy products, such as yogurt, might lower the risk of gum disease. According to the study, people who consumed 55 grams (a bit less than 4 tablespoons) or more of lactic-acid foods each day were found to be healthier when evaluated for two indicators of periodontal disease. Fermented milk products such as yogurt contain lactic acid.

A healthy diet combined with proper oral hygiene can lower your risk of gum disease. They are also treatment options for periodontal disease. Laser periodontal therapy is used in combination with scaling and root planning. Treatment can reduce bleeding, swelling and discomfort and boosts the body’s natural healing process. During the periodontal therapy treatment healthy tissue remains intact and only inflamed tissue is removed and the laser kills bacteria in the pockets.